As the most significant and oldest festival in China, Chinese New Year (Spring Festival) is associated with many traditions and customs.
Some of these traditions are dying out, so people feel that the festival becomes less interesting and conventional. Well, let’s discover the ten vanishing traditions you may not know.
1. Worshiping the Kitchen God 祭灶神
Legend has it that on December 23rd of lunar calendar, the Kitchen God will make a year-end report about each human’s good and evil deeds to the Jade Emperor of heaven.
Toward evening, each family is anxious about their evil deeds exposed to the emperor, so they burn incense, set off firecrackers, and worship the god with ‘bribery’ like cakes, nuts, and dried fruits. Therefore, the Kitchen God will only report their good side. In fact, the enshrining activity is mainly for a smooth, wealthy, and healthy expectation for the future life.
Nowadays, most people use gas stove and electric cooker instead of the traditional fire stove, so the tradition also disappears. You may realise how dangerous it is to worship by a gas cooker with burning incense and firecrackers indoors.
2. Kowtowing to Elders 拜长辈
Chinese New Year greeting etiquette is not like kissing, embrace, and handshaking in western countries. In the past, the first thing for a Chinese New Year visit started with kowtowing to the elders. No matter how old you are, if there is someone older than you, you need to kneel down to show respect and grateful feeling to the elders. It is really physically challenging work if you have a big family and you happen to be the youngest.
Nowadays, the young generation rejects such a way of greeting, so the etiquette is abandoned gradually in modern cities, while in some rural areas, the tradition is still kept.
3. Staying Up on Chinese New Year’s Eve 守岁熬年
According to the legend story, the fierce monster Nian would come to harm people and live stock on the Eve, which would cause great damage to people’s a whole year efforts. To avoid its attack, people should shut doors and stay sober. When staying up all night, people will find something to kill the time, such as chatting, watching TV, playing cards or mahjong. It is really difficult to stay awake for a whole night, so Chinese people are beginning to abandon this tradition.
4. No Sweeping and Dumping on the Lunar New Year’s Day 大年初一不清扫和不倾倒
In the olden days, it was considered improper to make sweep, or dump rubbish on the first day of the festival, for it foreboded that all the good luck and fortune would be driven far away. However, people nowadays are likely to keep the house clean and tidy, especially when they have guests. Therefore, the practice is becoming obscure.
5. Opening-door Firecrackers 开门鞭炮
People will fall over each other to set off firecrackers in the early morning of Chinese New Year’s Day. Once they wake up, it is the first thing they do. People wish to welcome the good luck inside when they open their doors in the morning. Some companies will also set off opening-door firecrackers during the 6th to 8th of lunar January, when people return to work. The firecrackers lead to air pollution and also bring potential hazard, so now the tradition is more commonly seen in rural areas.
6. Offering Sacrifices to the God of Wealth 接财神
Folklore has it that the fifth day of the Spring Festival is the God of Wealth’s birthday. People want the god to bestow their houses with good luck, so they prepare a big dinner at home to celebrate the god’s birthday. The sacrifices ceremony, where the meal is offered to the God of Wealth, and left to go cold, so the god can take his fill, usually begins around midnight to 01:00 am on that day. During modern times, the custom has been gradually vanishing.
7. Staying Indoors on the Third Day of the New Year 大年初三忌拜年
The third day is called Chigou’s Day. Chigou, literally ‘red dog’, is the God of Rage, who is irritable. If people travel outside, they may have a squabble or quarrel with others. Now, Spring Festival is a good chance for separated friends and families to get together, so people do not care about the taboo at all.
8. Sending the Poor Devil Away 送穷迎福
The sixth day of Chinese New Year is the time to send the Poor Devil away in folklore. The Poor Devil is said to be a short and thin man who likes dressing in rags, and eating rice-porridge. Even given new clothes, he would only wear them after tearing the clothes, or burning holes in them. After his death, people mark the sixth day as the day to dispel him. On this day, all the trash should be dumped, which symbolizes that all the poverty and hardship will be thrown away.
9. Going to the Butcher's on December 26th 请屠夫割年肉
December 26th of the lunar calendar used to be the day to go to the butcher’s for meat shopping. In the past, people could only enjoy the meat during festivals because of poverty. Some people raised livestock on their own, and they would ask a butcher to slaughter their pigs, oxen, or sheep. Nowadays, people seldom prepare the festival food on a fixed day, but buy meat as they wish.
10. Washing and Bathing on December 27th or 28th 农历27,28 沐浴更衣
Before Chinese New Year, people will wash all their dirty clothes, because they think all the filth will be washed away, and good luck is coming. Taking a bath on December 28th of the lunar calendar is also needed, as all sickness will be expelled outwards, and health will be sustained. Since every household now has a washing machine, and people get used to taking daily shower, so this custom has also faded away.
中国年的一些传统习俗因时代的进步而逐步更新， 我们留下精华， 剔除糟粕， 使得中国年的传统文化红红火火，代代相传。