We now thrive in a culture of innovation. For our children, that means more than half of the jobs they will pursue do not even exist yet.
As parents, it’s our job to help them navigate this changing world, and provide them with the essential skills and practice they need so they can explore and discover careers as they revolutionize over time.
Serendipity plays a big role in this. Where your child thinks they may be 10 years from now could look very different than where they land. It’s the experiences they gain along the way that will prepare them for careers that will evolve.
缘分天注定。 如果您的孩子认为他们可能在10年后可能看起来与他们实际做的非常不同。 这是他们在为将要发展的职业生涯做好准备的过程中获得的经验。
Because advances and discoveries are being produced so rapidly, it’s critical we teach our children that their secret to success is no longer about conformity—it’s about preparing them to be successful in an unknown future.
因为发展和探索的脚步如此迅速，所以我们要教育我们的孩子，他们成功的秘诀不再是一致性 - 而是为了让他们在未知的未来取得成功，这是至关重要的。
Here’s what you can do right now to help prepare your child.
Don’t praise intelligence. Praise work ethic.
Research has proven that praising children for their intelligence will often make them less likely to challenge themselves. As a parent, we should focus on praising their work ethic–attacking a challenging problem and sticking with it shows their persistence, and next time they encounter an issue, they will approach it with more confidence.
研究证明，赞扬儿童的智力往往会降低他们挑战自我的可能性。 作为家长，我们应该专注于赞扬他们的努力过程- 战胜一个具有挑战性的问题并坚持下去表明他们的坚持，下次他们遇到问题时，他们会更自信地解决它。
Careers are more innovation-focused and that means we need to prepare our children for the rapid pace at which our world changes. We should be asking them, how fast can you take advantage of the changes that will keep you relevant?
Recognize, celebrate, and reinforce the “four C’s.”
认知， 重视，强调 四个 “C”
We should make it a priority to call attention to these foundational skills: critical thinking, collaboration, communication, and creativity. These four C’s are often referred to as soft skills. In a globally collective culture where innovation is the norm, these are essential skills. These process skills are just as important, if not more important, than the end product.
我们应该优先关注这些基本技能：批判性思维 Critical thinking，协作 Collaboration，沟通 Communication和创造力 Creativity 。 这四个 ”C” 通常被称为软技能。 在创新是常态的全球文化中，这些是必不可少的技能。 这些流程技能与最终产品同样重要，甚至更重要。
Recognizing and celebrating the 4 C’s means parents need to take time to have conversations about the steps their child took toward a decision. For example, if you watch teams work together, effective teams work the 4 C’s successfully, and that leads to a good end product. The end product often falls apart or falls short of the mark with teams who cannot effectively work together.
认知和强调4 C意味着父母需要花时间和他们的孩子谈论做出决定的步骤。 例如，如果您观察团队协同工作，有效的团队将成功地完成4 C的工作，从而获得良好的最终产品。 对于无法有效协同工作的团队而言，最终产品往往会崩溃或达不到标准。
Provide and allow latitude for choice and voice from young ages.
As a culture, it’s hugely important that we gravitate toward things that interest us. We are wired to ask questions and poke our world to see how it responds. The old saying, “Because I said so,” doesn’t go as far anymore with our youth. So if all we’re asking of our children is compliance, we are not building the mindset that allows for independent reasoning.
作为一种文化，我们倾向于感兴趣的事物是非常重要的。 我们生来就会提问，看别人如何响应。 古老的谚语，“因为我这样说” 与我们的孩子已经相去甚远。 因此，如果我们要求我们的孩子遵守法规，我们就不会允许他们有独立推理的思维模式。
For example, take your child to a grocery store and allow them to pick three different cereals to put in the cart. Explain that you are going to have your child put two of the boxes of cereal back, keeping only one. Then ask them to explain why they are not picking the other two. Your child is practicing choice and voice skills when they are being asked to reflect and evaluate their purchase through reasoning.
例如，带孩子去食品店，让他们挑选三种不同的谷物放入购物车。 然后要求你的孩子把两盒麦片放回去，只保留一盒。 然后让他们解释为什么他们不选择其他两个。 当您的孩子被要求通过推理和评估他们的购买时，他们正在学习选择和训练说话技巧。
Model and practice metacognitive reflection when exercising choice and voice.
Metacognition–thinking about your thinking–will help your child to practice their voice and choice. Work with your child to reflect after finding a solution by asking, “’Did I collaborate well? What stopped my creativity?” It may not occur to you to ask your child how they may have used their supplies or resources differently, but it’s an important question for them to think about. Children do not do this automatically so, as parents, we too should model thinking and reasoning out loud in front of our children so they can start to cultivate those skills and build a mindset that allows them to improve their process for the next time.
元认知 – 认知你的思维 - 将帮助你的孩子操练他们的说话和选择。 在找到解决方案后，与您的孩子一起思考，然后问：“我合作得好吗？ 什么阻止了我的创造力？”你可能不会问你的孩子他们如何以不同的方式使用他们的用品或资源，但这是他们思考的一个重要问题。 孩子不会主动这样做，因此，作为父母，我们也应该在孩子面前大声说出如何思考和推理，这样他们就可以开始培养这些技能并建立一种思维模式，让他们能够在下一次改善。
Support and celebrate failure that leads to progress.
Failing forward gets us somewhere. It’s not easy, but if your child fails and learned something from it, then the failure actually was a success. It’s learning from the experiences that really allows your child to take two steps forward. Celebrating failures that move your child forward will help them tackle the next problem or job that comes along. You’re also giving them the green light to push into areas that we would not have in the past for fear of them looking unintelligent. However, preparing our children for jobs that don’t yet exist means this is a skill that will be deeply valued as the world of work continues to change.
失败让我们停留在某个地方。 这有点糟糕，但如果你的孩子从失败中学到了什么，那么失败实际上是成功的。 从失败经验中学习，真正让您的孩子向前迈出两步。 重视孩子前进过程中的失败将有助于他们解决下一个问题或事情。 等于你给他们开了绿灯，以便进入我们过去不曾拥有的区域，因为他们会担心自己不聪明。 这意味着让我们的孩子为尚未存在的工作做好准备的这项技能将随着世界的不断变化而受到重视。
Our 21st century learners are our newest innovators. To innovate we have to be intentional by providing opportunities and making these essential skills part of our children’s daily routines. When our children become comfortable with productive failure and motivated to tackle self-identified challenges, they become top-notch problem-solvers and open-minded thinkers. With these abilities and skillsets along with an innovative mindset, our children will be able to tackle any job that comes their way in the future.
我们的21世纪学生是我们最新的创新者。 为了创新，我们必须通过提供机会并将这些基本技能作为孩子日常生活的一部分来实现。 当我们的孩子对事情的失败感到适应并积极应对自我进行挑战时，他们就会成为一流的问题解决者和胸怀豁达的思想家。 凭借这些能力和技能以及创新思维，我们的孩子将能够应对未来的任何工作。