Motivate Your StudentIt never fails. The kids have soaked in the lazy days of summer, particularly the lazy part, and they are facing with dread going back to school.

The thought of waking up early, sitting through school all day, then coming home to do homework just seems like the last thing they want to do after pools, summer camps, and vacations. So just how are you supposed to motivate your student again?

这从来不会被忽视,孩子们沉浸在懒洋洋的夏天,特别是那些懒洋洋的日子。他们恐惧又回到学校。每天早起,然后在学校坐一整天,然后回家做功课的想法似乎是他们夏令营和假期做的最后一件事。因此,你应该如何再次激发你的孩子回到学校呢?

From the youngest to the oldest in your household, they all have unique and individual motivational factors. For the younger, it may be simply looking forward to getting a new backpack. The older ones may be motivated to see their friends or to be that much closer to “getting it over with.”

从年幼的到年龄大一点的孩子,他们都具有各自独特的激励要素。对年幼的孩子,他们简单地盼望得到一个新的书包。年长一点的孩子可能会急切期待看到自己的同学,或者是虽然不高兴回到学校但是他们明白不得不去做。

Tune in closely to how your child responds to motivational cues and adjust your encouragement accordingly. Remember that excitement spreads quickly and easily; so if you’re sharing a positive attitude about the upcoming school year, it will have a definite impact on your children.

倾听并密切观察您的孩子如何对你的激励暗示做出反应,并相应地调整你的激励。请记住,兴奋快速,轻松地传播; 所以,如果你让孩子感受到你对新学期的积极的期盼态度,你的孩子也会被感染。

Try applying some of these ideas for motivating your student below—whether it’s addressing back-to-school, a mid-year slump, or any other evident lapse in motivation.

请尝试运用以下一些方法激励你的孩子,无论是解决回到学校的问题,还是学期中间成绩下滑,或者遇到其他任何明显的失误。

 

Be Real About the Importance of School 明确学校的重要性

Kids’ abilities to understand larger concepts can be surprising. Be upfront with the about the importance of school.

孩子对大道理的理解能力是令人吃惊的,直接对他们说学校的重要性。

Younger:Talk about how reading can open up a whole world of fantasy and exploration for them. Math teaches them concepts they can use in sports and playing with friends. Learning science helps them develop a better understanding of the world they live in. Create a positive correlation between learning and being able to do fun things in life.

年幼的孩子:谈谈阅读如何为他们打开幻想和探索的整个世界。学习数学的概念,如何运用到他们的运动中,运用到与朋友一起玩耍时。学习科学,帮助他们更好地了解他们生活在世界上,使得学习和有趣的实践之间创建一个明确的关系。

Older:Sometimes when the “fun learning” element is no longer a motivation for a student, straight talk is what they need. Explain how they will not be able to go to college without getting a certain grade in a class—so they’ll need to do the work and do it well, or forget about college. Provide real-life examples of how the classes they are taking now will directly be used in the career field they are seeking.

年龄大的孩子:有时,当快乐学习已不再是一个激励学生的动机,就直接告诉他们需要做什么。解释给他们如果不取得足够好的成绩就不能进入大学,所以他们需要学习,并把它学好,不然就不能上大学。提供给他们生活中真实的例子,他们现在的学习今后将直接关系到他们今后的事业中。

 

Challenge Strengths and Reinforce Weaknesses挑战优势抵御劣势

Just like adults, children can become defeated and overwhelmed when classes are difficult, or they become bored and disengaged when the schoolwork seems too easy.

就像大人一样,当孩子遇到学习困难时也会不知所措,或者当学习过于简单,他们也会变得无聊和松散。

Younger:Many times, simple things can easily prompt younger learners to overcome obstacles. If they are having trouble with a math worksheet, provide a reward if they focus and listen to your help in working it out. Let them know that you will be there with them to help explain and solve the problem, and then applaud their efforts.

年幼的孩子:很多时候,他们很容易克服障碍去完成简单的事情。当他们遇到一个数学的难题,通过听取你的指导,并很用心去做,最后终于解决了问题,就应该给他们鼓励。让他们知道你会和他们并肩作战直到问题解决,然后为他们的努力鼓掌..

If they are doing really well in a class, provide more supplementation to continue to test their learning in that area and let them know how proud you are of their success. Capitalize on competitive spirits and challenge them to set and accomplish goals for themselves.

如果他们有一个学科特别好,就提供他们更多这方面的补充资料,继续在这个领域进行更多的学习,让他们知道你为他们的成功感到特别骄傲。培养竞争意识,挑战他们为自己设定并实现目标。

Older: Older students may need a little more reinforcement in areas in which they are struggling. It may take getting tutoring help from a peer or teacher they admire or through online courses as an educational supplement. The important thing for older students is to not destroy their spirit—they are not stupid or unintelligent, and it is important that they are not made to feel that way. There is no shame in getting help.

年龄大的孩子:年龄大的学生需要在特别困难的学科自己加强努力。这可以从同龄人或他们认可的教师那里,或在线课程得到帮助。对于年龄较大的学生最重要的是不能打消他们的积极性,他们不笨也不愚蠢。重要的是,他们不能有寻求帮助是羞耻的想法。

It’s important to provide challenges for students who are unmotivated because they find their courses too easy. Encourage them to find other ways to expand their learning. Visit galleries, museums, or landmarks that relate to their areas of excellence. Part-time jobs or volunteer opportunities relating to these subject matters are a great way to challenge them. For older students, college or AP classes may be a great way to engage and motivate them.

身为学生,重要的是不能因为课程太容易了而不去挑战。鼓励他们寻求其他途径扩大自己的学习范围。访问有关的展览馆,博物馆或标志物。做兼职工作或者自志愿是挑战他们的好机会。对于年龄较大的学生,学院或AP课程可能是吸引和激励他们的好方法。

 

Every child is UniqueMaintain Consistent and Clear Objectives 保持一贯和明确的目标

A student can easily lose motivation if they don’t even know what to be motivated about. Clear and consistent objectives should be established so a student can know how to measure successes and failures

学生很容易失去动力,他们甚至不知道要怎么上进?帮助学生树立明确的目标并坚持,学生才能知道如何衡量成功与失败。

Younger:Give them realistic goals based on their strengths and weaknesses. Being able to read a book, achieving As and Bs on a report card, completing an oral report, such small and realistic objectives help to motivate them to then achieve larger goals along the way.

年幼的孩子:根据自己的长处和短处树立目标。能读一本书,得到AB的成绩单,完成口头作业,如此小的事情和目标的实现,有助于激励他们实现更大的目标。

Older:As with younger learners, older students need to know what is expected of them. If they are stressed because they think that perfection is what’s expected, they are more likely to be unmotivated because the goals are impossible. Keep your expectations clear—turned-in homework, passing grades, class participation, etc. When objectives are defined and attainable, students are much more likely to be motivated to accomplish them.

年龄大的孩子:年龄较大的学生需要知道什么是对他们的期望。如果他们认为尽善尽美是对他们的期望,他们就会有压力,他们更可能因为目标渺茫而无心学习了。让你的期望简单直接,比如及时交作业,成绩及格,上课不迟到早退,等等。我们客观定义可能实现的目标,学生更容易被激励去实现它们

 

Encourage Socialization and Participation鼓励社交并参与

As with most things in life, school is simply more fun with friends. Socialization is an important component to motivating your student.

就像生活中的大多数事情一样,学校里交到朋友是很快乐的事情,社交是激励学生的重要部分。

Younger:At the beginning grade levels, students are excited to see their friends in class and love their teachers. Seeing each other at drop-off or in the lunch room and recess is oftentimes enough to keep them going to school each day. There may be drama over who sits where or who isn’t sharing, but for the most part, the social aspect of school is motivating. For those days where your younger student seems to be lacking in motivation to go to school, remind them of their friends they will see and how they will be missed by the teacher.

年幼的孩子:在年级刚开始的时候,他们很高兴在课堂上看到自己的朋友和爱他们的老师。在家长接送的地方能找到彼此,或者在餐厅和课间休息时看到对方是常常足以让他们每天上学去。他们有时争吵为了谁坐在哪里,谁没有分享,但在大多数情况下,学校与人相处是最激励人的地方。那些日子当你的孩子在似乎缺乏动机去学校,提醒孩子他将见到朋友们,老师将如何想念他们。

Older:As kids get older, though, the issues with friends become bigger and more severe. Sometimes, it’s because of friends that students don’t want to go to school. This becomes a complex issue, but encouraging your student to focus only on those friends who truly care about them is the key to surviving these years. Sometimes, the motivation may lie in proving peers wrong and holding heads high in spite of the negativity. This serves to not only get your student to school, but also provides an opportunity for significant life lessons.

年龄大的孩子:随着孩子年龄的增长,与朋友交往的问题变得更大,更严重。有时候因为在学校里没有朋友而不想去学校。这已成为一个复杂的问题,要顺利度过这些年的关键是鼓励你的学生交好朋友,交真正关心你的朋友。有时候为了勇于证明其他同学的错误,有时候尽管有消极情绪也要让自己昂首挺胸。这样做不仅能够让您的孩子去上学,而且还为他们提供了积累社会经验的机会。

Facilitating and supporting sports, clubs, part-time jobs, and after-school activities helps to motivate your student by providing outlets to engage socially with those peers with similar interests and to allow for a release and distraction from the stresses of school. When they are able to participate in these avenues daily, it is easier for them to re-approach their schoolwork with renewed enthusiasm.

促进和支持孩子参加体育,社团,兼职和校外活动来激励你的孩子,帮助有相似兴趣的同龄人参与社会活动,通过参与这些活动释放学校的压力,分散注意力。当他们能够每天参与这些活动,很容易让他们燃起重新起步的激情。

Everyone has those days where motivation is lacking, but consistent and perpetual lack of motivation in a student is definitely a concern that should be addressed. In some cases, parents may want to consider alternative school choices for their kids. As each child is unique, strategies to overcome lack of motivation will vary, but maintaining a positive attitude yourself and applying the above methods are great starts.

每个人都有缺乏动机的那些日子,但是动机一贯的和永久的缺乏肯定是应该解决的问题。在某些情况下,家长可能要考虑选择其他学校。由于每个孩子都是独特的,采取的策略来克服缺乏动力会有所不同,但自己保持积极的态度,并运用上述方法是很好的开始。