With the rise in rigorous testing and students being held to higher academic standards, children are becoming increasingly stressed.
This is leading to both behavioral and health issues, causing experts to consider the implications of the existing intensive educational structure. Parents and educators are left wondering if the wellness of the whole child has been sacrificed in the pursuit of academic excellence.
Out of this concern, the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) has developed a whole child approach to education which encompasses the entirety of what develops a truly successful student: health, safety, engagement, support, and challenges. By focusing comprehensively on the developmental needs of a student, they are more wholly prepared for adult life after school.
Healthy Students 学生健康
A child dealing with health concerns, or who is overall just tired and drained, will not perform to the best of their abilities academically or socially. The whole child approach to healthy students focuses on nutritious school lunches, frequent recess and physical education, and counseling programs. Both mental and physical health is important to a child being able to reach their full potential.
一个忙于处理健康问题的孩子，或者说太疲惫的孩子，他就不能在学术上或社会上演绎出自己最大的能力。 对于完全健康学生来说，他们会热衷于学校的营养午餐，经常休息和体育锻炼以及咨询项目上。 精神和身体健康对于儿童能够发挥其全部潜能而言非常重要。
Safe Students 学生安全
There are even more conversations occurring now regarding school safety in the wake of recent school shootings. Obviously, a child who does not feel safe in his school environment will lack focus, will have limited social interactions, and will be frequently absent. Communities committed to student safety will see an improvement in academic achievement and in the general well-being of their student body.
在最近的学校枪击事件发生后，现在还有更多关于学校安全的对话。 很显然，一个在学校环境中感到不安全的孩子会缺乏专注，限制其社交，而且经常缺席。 致力于学生安全的校区将看到他们的学生学术成就和整体福利的改善。
Engaged Students 学生主动
It is common knowledge that students have different styles of learning—one method cannot be universally applied to all children. By facilitating experiential and project-based learning, the whole child approach encourages engagement from all students and not simply the ones who are responsive to traditional teaching methods. Real-world instruction, community involvement, field trips, and age-appropriate responsibilities all work in unison to formulate an engaged learner.
众所周知，学生有不同的学习方式 - 一种方法不能普遍适用于所有的孩子。 通过促进体验式和基于项目的学习，全人儿童教育方法鼓励所有学生参与，而不仅仅针对传统教学方法敏感的学生。 在实践中教学，社区和家庭参与，实地考察，结合相关年龄培养一个主动学习的人。
Supported Students 学生支援
Volunteers, involved parents, truly concerned teachers and administrators, and observant counselors create a support system in the schools, which helps to carry students through the numerous obstacles that children face through their developmental years. Teachers alone cannot carry this responsibility—it takes a team of conscientious adults to support all students in efforts to avoid isolated, depressed, or even suicidal students. Additionally, this approach should help identify potentially violent or destructive behaviors in these children before situations escalate.
志愿者，包括家长，真正有责任心的教师和管理人员，以及细心的辅导员在学校建立一个支援系统，这有助于让学生渡过儿童在其发展时期所面临的众多障碍。 仅靠教师不能承担这一责任 - 需要一群有爱心的成年人来支持所有学生努力避免孤独，沮丧甚至自杀的学生。 此外，这种方法应该有助于在事情严重之前识别这些儿童中可能存在的暴力或破坏性行为。
Challenged Students 学生激励
The last tenet of the whole child approach to education is that of a truly challenged student. To reach success in life, anyone regardless of age, should constantly be searching for ways to challenge themself. The only way to continually improve is to continually be challenged. This includes extending students beyond their familiar activities into those which explore new opportunities and interests.
全人教育的最终原则就是培养一个真正有挑战能力的学生。 为了获得成功，任何年龄段的人都应该不断寻找挑战自我的方法。 不断改进的唯一方法就是不断接受挑战。 这包括学生将超越其熟悉的活动扩展到探索新机会和兴趣。
“It is an approach that does not see youth as empty vessels to be filled with narrowly defined content knowledge, but as individuals who each have great potential to grow and develop socially, emotionally, physically, mentally, and civically as well as cognitively.” –Sean Slade, director of whole child programs at ASCD
“这种方法并不认为青少年只是装载狭义知识的空虚的船，而是作为每个人在社会，情感，身体，思想，公民以及认知方面都有巨大潜力发展的个人。” - ASCD全人教育计划总监Sean Slade。
The Myrin Institute: Holistic Learning Myrin 学院：全方位的学习
Another organization, The Myrin Institute, has taken a similar approach to this concept of educating the whole child by focusing on five different types of learning. Their goal is to see every child exposed to learning approaches tailored to individual intelligence, learning styles, and cognitive engagement.
• Cognitive Intellectual – Incorporates learning employing left-brain dominance such as math and logic.
• 认知智力 - 结合使用左脑优势的学习，如数学和逻辑。
• Creative Intuitive – Utilizes learning applying right-brain dominance such as artsand athletics.
• 创意直觉 - 利用运用艺术和田径等右脑优势的学习。
• Physical – Enables both structured and un-structured active movement and play.
• 物理训练 - 启用结构化和非结构化主动运动和游戏。
• Innovative – Encourages hands-on creativity and ingenuity.
• 激励创新 - 鼓励亲手创意和发挥独创性。
• External – Engages with the community and the outdoors to facilitate an awareness outside of the students themselves.
• 接触外界 - 参与社区和户外活动，以促进学生认知自己以外的知识。
Basically, by focusing on these five aspects of a child’s learning, parents and educators are able to appeal to the broader, holistic side of childhood development including sensory, emotional, and social growth. Instead of looking at schools as factories meant to output solely academically proficient students, education is geared toward the success of the whole child in preparedness for the entirety of life’s challenges and demands.
Applying the Whole Child Approach in Your Home 在家中实现全人教育
For children to truly experience the success of the whole child approach to education, parents must reinforce these ideals in the home. Recognizing the inherent differences in individual children is imperative to understand how children most effectively learn and are best motivated. Speaking with teachers and administrators to encourage the learning approaches best adapted to the individual will produce measurable academic achievements, while easing the stress overwhelming so many students.
为了让孩子真正体验到全人教育的成功，家长们必须在家中加强这些理想。 认识到个别孩子的内在差异对于理解孩子如何最有效地学习和最好的动机至关重要。 与教师和管理人员进行沟通，鼓励最适合个人的学习方法将产生可衡量的学术成就，同时缓解压倒大多数学生的压力。
Healthy living is a habit first learned at home and cannot solely be enforced while at school, and closely observing your child’s moods and behaviors are critical to understanding your child’s emotional and physical health. Encouraging relationships with positive peer influences, discussing real issues your child may be dealing with, and monitoring your child’s devices will help to hopefully curb any dangerous or self-destructive behavior.