Sketching smiley faces, hearts, and myriad shapes in the margins of notebooks is the classroom pastime of choice and a sometimes irritant for educators. Historically, teachers and parents have regarded doodling as an idle endeavor that detracts from the learning process.
However, researchers have discovered that doodling can actually inspire creativity, engage students academically, and help hold their attention. Read on to find out how doodling can facilitate the learning process.
Keeps the Brain Active 保持大脑活跃
Even the best of teachers is not going to be able to hold every single student’s attention all the time. Different presentations appeal to different students, which is why individualized education has received so much attention lately. For the students whom a lesson fails to engage, doodling can keep the brain active and on task while also allowing doodlers to personalize the message of the lesson to themselves.
When the brain doesn’t receive adequate stimulation, it will begin producing its own content, thereby diverting the thoughts into the world of fantasy. Doodling keeps the brain in the moment and attuned to the task at hand.
即使是最好的老师也无法始终抓住每个学生的注意力。 不同的演讲吸引不同的学生，这就是为什么个性化教育最近受到如此多的关注。 对于课程未能参与的学生，涂鸦可以使大脑保持活跃和任务，同时也允许涂鸦者将课程的信息个性化为自己。
Improves Memory Recall 改善记忆
Several studies have demonstrated that doodling can improve recollection of the material the student is learning while drawing. For example, a study done by the University of Plymouth had subjects listen to a long, monotonous voicemail message listing the names of people attending a party. The group instructed to doodle while they listened remembered 29 percent more on an unexpected memory quiz than the group who only listened. Similarly, a study from the University of Nottingham found that taking visual notes while studying science material can help enhance learning, engagement, and reasoning.
一些研究表明，涂鸦可以改善学生在绘画时学习的材料的回忆。 例如，普利茅斯大学进行的一项研究让受试者听取长长的，单调的语音邮件消息，列出参加聚会的人的姓名。 该小组指示嘟嘟嘟嘟，而他们在听取意外记忆测验时比仅听过的小组记得多29％。 同样，诺丁汉大学的一项研究发现，在学习科学材料的同时学习视觉笔记有助于增强学习，参与和推理。
Some teachers have encouraged students to draw as part of their note taking in class. Lori Rice, a teacher in Wamego, Kansas, teaches her students to use sketch notes, a way of incorporating drawings and symbols into note taking. “I feel student engagement and learning increases with sketch-noting,” Rice told Education Dive. “Drawing the vocabulary, as well as the other connections in the lesson, helps them retain the information.”
有些老师鼓励学生画作为他们的笔记类的一部分。 Lori Rice是堪萨斯州Wamego的一名教师，她教导学生使用草图笔记，这是一种将图画和符号结合到笔记中的方法。 “我觉得学生参与学习的兴趣的增加与涂鸦有关，”赖斯对教育研究人员说。 “绘制词汇以及课程中的其它关联可以帮助他们保留记忆。”
Encourages Creativity 激发创造力
Doodling can guide the brain into outside-the-box thinking and kick-start the creative process, especially for students struggling with verbal reasoning and text-based lessons. Doodling is a low-stakes activity that empowers students to explore material without fear of judgment or failure. Any poet or writer knows that the fastest way to stymie the creative process is to critique as you go, and doodling avoids that pitfall. When students doodle, they recruit deeper neural connections than with pure verbal reasoning, and the result is a deeper connection with the material.
涂鸦可以引导大脑进入创作性思维并启动创作过程，特别是对于那些在语言推理和基于文本的课程中苦难的学生。 涂鸦是一种低风险活动，使学生能够在不担心判断或失败的情况下探索教材。 任何一位诗人或作家都知道阻碍创作过程的最快方法就是在你去的时候进行批评，并且涂鸦避免了这个陷阱。 当学生涂鸦时，他们会采用比纯语言推理更深入的神经连接，结果是与教材的更深层次的理解。
Recruits Additional Senses 启动额外感官
Educators have known the benefits of multisensory learning for a long time now, and doodling qualifies as a visual learning tool. For one, doodling can help capture incredibly complicated and nuanced information quickly and concisely. For instance, drawing an animation of mitosis might do more for a biology student than reading about it for hours. Likewise, studies show that the more senses recruited in learning, the better the concept is cemented in the learner’s mind. Doodling activates the visual senses to help further engage the brain.
Doodling may still have a bad rap in education, but attitudes are shifting. The scientific support of doodling in the classroom is overwhelming—with many benefits, from improved memory to longer attention spans.
Does your student like to doodle? Have you found doodling to be effective when learning new information? Let us know in the comments section.
涂鸦在教育方面可能仍然焉知非福，但情况正在转变。 在课堂上涂鸦的科学支持是压倒性的 - 从改善记忆到更长的注意力跨度，有许多好处。
你的学生喜欢涂鸦吗？ 您是否发现涂鸦在学习新信息时有效？ 请在评价部分留下您的意见。