Your kids are learning math and reading skills, but are they learning critical-thinking skills?

In a recent study commissioned by MindEdge Learning, only 36 percent of millennials surveyed said they were “well-trained” in these skills. As many as 37 percent of the 1,000 young people surveyed admitted they were sharing information on their social media networks that was likely inaccurate news. And more than half of them used social media for their main source of news.

您的孩子正在学习数学和阅读能力,但他们学习批判性思维技能吗?在最近由 MindEdge Learning 委托进行的一项研究中,只有千分之三十六的受访者表示,他们在这些技能方面“受过良好训练”。在接受调查的1000名青年中,有37%认为他们在社交媒体网络上分享信息,这可能是不准确的消息。其中一半以社会媒体以新闻为主。

Frank Connolly, senior editor at MindEdge, notes, “By 2020, the World Economic Forum anticipates critical thinking will be the second most important skill to exhibit, second only to complex problem-solving.”

MindEdge 的高级编辑 Frank Connolly 指出:“到2020年,世界经济论坛预测,批判性思维将成为第二重要的展示技能,仅次于解决问题技能。”

Kids need to learn critical-thinking skills to become successful adults. But how can parents and educators ensure kids learn to be critical thinkers? Here are four simple ways to communicate better with your child, while teaching them how to think for themselves, when it comes to dissecting and sharing news and information.

孩子们需要学习批判性思维技能才能成为成功的人。但父母和老师如何确保孩子学会成为批判性的思想家?这里有四种简单的与孩子沟通的方法能帮助你提高孩子的批判性思维技能,同时教他们如何思考自己,当涉及到剖析和分享新闻和信息。

          1. Teach Your Child to Question What They Read or Hear 教孩子对听到的看到的事进行提问

Brainstorming is always a great skill that helps teach creativity. And parents can use many types of news to start a brainstorming session—a new bit of juicy gossip, something that sounds scary, or something exciting are all an open door for exploration and discussion. Teach your children to ask questions and even find out who is spreading such information. Is it a reliable news source? A tabloid? A fellow classmate who has only heard it from someone else? The right questions can lead to discussions about the state of the world or other relevant topics.

头脑风暴总是有助于教导创造力的伟大技能。父母可以使用各种类型的新闻来开始一个头脑风暴会议 - 一个热议的八卦,一些听起来很可怕,令人兴奋的东西,都是打开探索和讨论的大门。教你的孩子提问,甚至知道谁在传播这些信息。这是一个可靠的新闻来源吗?小报?你是一位只会道听途说的孩子吗?正确的问题可以导致关于世界状况或其他相关主题的讨论。

           2. Make Thinking a Family Affair 让家庭事务成为议论的主题

In today’s world, where so many kids are glued to their digital devices, how can you start discussions that foster critical thinking? Use the times that you are together as a family—around the dinner table, during long car rides, or while on a weekend picnic—to bring up topics that encourage questions and problem-solving techniques. “What do you think of such-and-such?” Or, “What is your opinion on ____?” Leave the floor open for discussion, and always be open-minded yourself during these conversations.

在今天的世界,如此多的孩子被捆绑在他们的数码设备上,你怎么能开始促进批判性思维的讨论呢?在长时间的汽车旅行中,或在周末野餐时,使用您家庭的时间 - 围绕餐桌,提出鼓励问题和解决问题的技术的主题。 “你怎么看这样的?”或者,“你对____有什么看法?”开放讨论,在这些对话中永远是开放的。

           3. Go Deeper 让思考更深入

Encourage your kids to read books on similar topics, watch movies related to the topic, or visit the local library together to study and keep the conversation going. Don’t be afraid to let them explore a topic of interest. If they are showing some critical-thinking skills in the realm of politics, for example, you can study world history or watch relevant documentaries on the subject.

鼓励您的孩子阅读类似主题的书籍,观看与该主题有关的电影,或者一起访问当地图书馆,以便学习并保持与孩子的沟通。不要害怕让他们探索一个有趣的话题。例如,如果他们在政治领域表现出一些批判性的思维能力,你可以学习世界历史或观看有关的纪录片。

           4. Teach Them to Be Socially Responsible 教会孩子承担社会责任

Talk about their social network “news” and why it may or may not be a good idea to share certain stories. During your discussions, bring up the point about their social networks being a public platform, which can either be used for good or have negative repercussions and even be a place for “fake news.” Teach them to pause and check in with themselves before automatically sharing something on the internet.

谈论他们的社交网络“新闻”,以及为什么分享某些故事可能或就是一个不好的主意。在您的讨论中,告诉孩子他们的社交网络是一个公共平台,可以是好的或者是负面的影响,甚至是“假消息”的地方。教导他们自动暂停和自动检查在互联网上分享一些东西。

Remember, critical thinking is more than just being rational. It’s about the ability to think independently. When your children are able to draw their own conclusions and make up their own minds on matters, without being “swayed” by peers or even other adults, then they will be true critical thinkers!

记住,批判性思维不仅仅是理性的, 还是关于独立思考的能力。当您的孩子能够得出自己的结论,自己决定事情的时候,没有受到同龄人甚至其他成年人的“摇摆”的影响,那么他们就是真正的批判性思想家!

联想起某班一位特别喜欢粉红的女孩,小学三年级, 她叫Cindy, 下课时她告诉同学们, 世界上有一些国家他们同时有好几个首都,同学们一脸惊讶,这个好像不合乎常规吧。Cindy就回家查资料, 并做成海报, 标题是:Countries with many capitals in the world, 非常自信地告诉大家这是事实, 了不起的 Cindy ! 

3个首都

谢谢Cindy,分享给大家她的漂亮作品。

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