Apostrophes 撇号

Apostrophes are not used with personal pronouns, but are used in contractions. 

撇号不用于人称代词,但用于缩写。

  • Yourdescribes ownership. It is a personal pronoun. 

    ,描述所有权。这是一个人称代词。

     

  • You’re, is a contraction and an abbreviation for you are.

    “You're"  “You are " 的缩写

     

Therefore your car means the car is yours. You’re car translates into “you are car,” which makes no sense and reflects a grammatical error.

因此,您的车意味着这辆车是您的。您将汽车翻译成“您就是汽车”,这没有任何意义,并反映出语法错误。

 

 

Similar rules exist for using It’s and Its.  使用 It's 及其 Its 存在类似的规则。

 

  • Its is a personal pronoun. It also describes ownership. 

    Its 是一个人称代词。它表示所有权。

     

  • It’s is a contraction and an abbreviation for it is. 

    It’s 是 It is 的缩写 

     

Its leaves are green, refers to the leaves belonging to the tree. It’s leaves are green translates into “it is leaves are green” or  “ it has leaves are green,” neither of which makes sense in a sentence or is grammatically correct.

它的叶子是绿色的,是指属于树的叶子。它的叶子是绿色的,翻译成 “它是叶子是绿色的” 或 “它的叶子是绿色的”,这两者在句子中都没有道理,或者在语法上都是正确的。

Apostrophes are used with singular and plural possessive nouns. 

撇号用于单数和复数所有格名词。

 

For nouns that are singular and possessive the apostrophe goes before the s. 

对于单数和所有格的名词,撇号在s之前。

  • Ex. Mike ’s uniform.

     

For nouns that are plural and possessive, the apostrophe goes after the s. 

对于复数且所有格的名词,撇号在s之后。

  • Ex. The track teams’ uniforms.  

    semi colons 

Semi colons 分号

Semi colons connect two clauses that can otherwise be used independently. These clauses would be grammatically complete enough to function as two separate sentences, but you might want one sentence so there’s no break in the flow. (When reading two sentences there’s a natural pause that occurs between the first and second sentence.) You may not want that pause. You might want to connect them or highlight their contrast which is more effective with a semi colon.

 

分号连接两个可以独立使用的子句。这些子句在语法上足够完整,可以用作两个单独的句子,但是您可能想要一个句子,意思也不会中断。(阅读两个句子时,第一句话和第二句话之间会有自然的停顿。)您可能不希望该停顿。您可能需要连接它们或突出显示它们的对比度,这对于使用分号更为有效。

  • Connecting clauses with a semi colon: 分号用于两个子句的连接

     

    “I’m an excellent driver; I obey the traffic laws at all times.” 

    “我是一名出色的车手;我一直都遵守交通法规” 

     

  • Semi colons are also used when making a list of items that are connected with a comma.  在列出用逗号连接的项目时,也会使用分号。

     

    Ex.The trip includes stops in Los Angeles; California, London; United Kingdom and Paris; France. 

    例如,行程包括在洛杉矶的停靠站;加利福尼亚,伦敦;英国和巴黎;法国。


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