The single best way to prevent seasonal flu is to getvaccinated each year, but good health habits like covering your cough and washing your hands often can help stop the spread of germs and prevent respiratory illnesses like the flu. There also are flu antiviral drugs that can be used to treat and prevent flu. The tips and resources below will help you learn about steps you can take to protect yourself and others from flu and help stop the spread of germs.

预防季节性流感的唯一最佳方法是每年接种疫苗,但良好的健康习惯(如咳嗽和洗手)通常可以帮助阻止细菌传播,并预防类似流感的呼吸道疾病。也有可用于治疗和预防流感的流感抗病毒药。以下提示和资源将帮助您了解可以采取哪些步骤来保护自己和他人免受流感的侵袭,并帮助阻止细菌传播。

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1. Avoid close contact. 避免紧密接触

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.

避免与生病的人密切接触。当您生病时,请与他人保持距离,以免他人生病。

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2. Stay home when you are sick. 生病时待在家里

If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. This will help prevent spreading your illness to others.

如果可能,请在生病时离开工作,离开学校回家,终止旅行, 这将有助于防止将疾病传播给他人。

 please stay home if you are sick

3. Cover your mouth and nose. 遮住你的嘴和鼻。

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick. Flu and other serious respiratory illnesses, like respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), whooping cough, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), are spread by cough, sneezing, or unclean hands.

咳嗽或打喷嚏时,用纸巾遮住口鼻。这可能会阻止您周围的人生病。流感和其他严重的呼吸系统疾病,例如呼吸道合胞病毒(RSV),百日咳和严重的急性呼吸道综合症(SARS),都是通过咳嗽,打喷嚏或不洁手传播的。

 Catch Sneeze

4. Clean your hands. 勤洗手

Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.

经常洗手将有助于保护您免受细菌侵害。如果没有肥皂和水,请使用酒精基的手霜。

 Just Clean Your Hands

5. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. 避免触摸眼睛,鼻子或嘴巴。

Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.

当一个人触摸到被细菌污染的东西,然后触摸他或她的眼睛,鼻子或嘴巴时,细菌通常会扩散。

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6. Practice other good health habits. 练习其他良好的健康习惯。

Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces at home, work or school, especially when someone is ill. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food.

在家庭,工作或学校中经常接触的表面上进行清洁和消毒,尤其是在生病时。保持充足的睡眠,多运动,减轻压力,多喝水,多吃营养食品。

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