With the arrival of summer, many parents fear the inevitable onset of summer learning loss, where students lose some of the skills and knowledge they gained while school was in session. This year, those fears have been worsened by a pandemic that has caused school closures and severe disruptions to learning routines. According to one study, researchers predict that students will return in the fall with learning losses that set them a full year behind where they would be during a typical school year.

随着暑假的到来,许多父母担心暑期学习不可避免的退步,学生会丢失在上课时获得的技能和知识。今年,由于病毒大流行导致学校停课和常规学习严重中断,这些担忧变得更加严重。根据一项研究,研究人员预测,学生将在秋季因学习成绩滑坡而退步,这使他们比常规学年的学习成绩落后整整一年。

This phenomenon, which is being referred to as the “COVID slide,” has many parents and educators scrambling to find ways to help students retain what they’ve learned in order to succeed in the fall. While the predictions are alarming, there are ways you can help your child combat the COVID slide in the coming months.

这种被称为 "COVID滑坡 "的现象,让许多家长和教育工作者争相寻找帮助学生保留所学知识的方法,以便在秋季取得成功。虽然这些预测令人担忧,但在未来几个月里,您可以通过一些方法帮助您的孩子对抗COVID滑坡。

Encourage Your Child to Adopt a Growth Mindset 鼓励孩子成长型的思维模式

When I first began teaching ten years ago, I was struck by how many students already had firm beliefs about which subject areas they excelled in and which subjects they didn’t do well in. Using their grades as their primary data points, they would make broad assertions like, “I’ve always been bad at English.” This represents what Dr. Carol Dweck describes as a “fixed mindset.”

十年前,当我第一次开始教学时,令我震惊的是,有多少学生已经对自己擅长的学科领域和不擅长的学科抱有坚定的信念。利用成绩作为主要数据点,他们会广泛的断言,例如“我一直不会说英语。”这代表了Carol Dweck博士所描述的“固定思维方式”。

In the face of failure, many students with this mindset accept the fact that they will never be skilled in a certain area, which is what drives students to cheat or give up on a subject (or even school) altogether. Dr. Dweck suggests that students cultivate a growth mindset, which is as easy adding the word “yet” to any learning challenge. For example, a student might not be able to write a compelling argument essay yet, but that doesn’t mean the student is bad at English.

面对失败,许多有这种思维方式的学生会接受一个事实,那就是他们永远不会在某个领域熟练,这就是促使学生完全欺骗或放弃某门学科(甚至是学校)的事实。Dweck博士建议学生培养成长型思维心态,这很容易在任何学习挑战中加上“还”一词。例如,一个学生也许还不能写出有说服力的论据,但这并不意味着该学生英语不好。

You can watch Dr. Dweck’s TED Talk where she describes the very real benefits of adopting a growth mindset and discussess whether your child has a growth or a fixed mindset. Try to see the summer months as an opportunity to learn and improve rather than a time where valuable learning will be lost.

您可以观看Dweck博士的TED演讲,她在演讲中描述了采用成长思维方式的真正好处,并讨论了孩子是否有成长思维或固定思维方式。尝试将暑假作为学习和改进的机会,而不是将宝贵的学习机会浪费。

 

 

Use a Student-Centered Approach 以学生为中心
In the traditional classroom, the instructor takes center stage. The teacher assigns work that students complete independently, and the teacher delivers material while the students listen quietly. In recent years, some educational researchers have challenged this teacher-centered approach. Instead, they suggest a student-centered approach where students direct the course of their learning. Rather than providing your child with worksheets in areas you believe they need more support in, based on grades and test scores, encourage your child to assess their skills and then design their own projects to develop those skills.

在传统教室中,老师占据中心位置。老师分配学生独立完成的工作,而老师在学生安静地听课的同时提供材料。近年来,一些教育研究人员对这种以教师为中心的方法提出了挑战。相反,他们建议以学生为中心的方法,让学生指导自己的学习过程。与其根据成绩和考试成绩为您的孩子提供您认为他们需要更多支持的领域的工作表,不如鼓励孩子评估他们的技能,然后设计自己的项目来开发这些技能。

For example, if they say that they aren’t skilled in the area of research, they could start by researching a topic they’re already experts in—themselves. When students reflect on their abilities and craft their own assignments to improve those abilities, they’re much more likely to be engaged in the learning process.

例如,如果他们说自己不擅长研究领域,则可以从研究自己已经是专家的话题开始。当学生反思自己的能力并制定自己的作业以提高这些能力时,他们更有可能参与学习过程。

Make Concrete Learning Goals  制定学习目标
One of the most common reasons that students fail to meet their goals is because the goals they make are too ambiguous. For example, a student might say they want to be better at math, which is a great goal in theory but not in practice. Instead, that student would be much more likely to achieve their goal if they said they wanted to master three different mathematical concepts and ace an online assessment of those concepts.

学生达不到目标最常见的原因之一就是因为他们制定的目标过于模糊。例如,一个学生可能会说他们想在数学方面做得更好,这在理论上是一个很好的目标,但在实践中却不是。相反,如果该学生说他们想掌握三个不同的数学概念,并在这些概念的在线评估中取得好成绩,那么他们实现目标的可能性就会大得多。

Not only can concrete goals help your child academically, they can also help them emotionally. Making concrete goals actually leads to a greater sense of satisfaction and higher levels of happiness. Sit down with your child and come up with a list of concrete learning goals for the summer. The goals should also be measurable and attainable.

具体的目标不仅可以在学业上帮助您的孩子,还可以在情感上帮助他们。制定具体目标实际上会带来更大的满足感和更高水平的幸福感。与您的孩子坐下,并提出暑假的具体学习目标清单,这些目标也应该是可衡量和可实现的。

Don’t Ignore Areas of Strength 不能忽略孩子的优势
Much of the language surrounding learning loss—even the term itself—is negative. Try not to lose sight of your child’s strengths over the summer. If your child is a voracious reader, you could keep a reading log posted somewhere visible so that everyone in your household can see the impressive amount of reading your child has done. Encouraging good learning habits is just as important as discouraging bad habits.

围绕学习失利的很多语言--甚至是这个词本身--都是负面的。尽量不要在暑假里忽视孩子的优势。如果你的孩子是个读者爱好者,你可以把阅读记录贴在某个显眼的地方,以便家庭中的每个人都可以看到您孩子所完成的大量阅读。鼓励良好的学习习惯与阻止不良习惯同样重要。

When you celebrate your child’s academic and social strengths, you help them improve their self-perception as students. Even if your child does not perform well in school, you can still encourage them by highlighting non-academic strengths like persevering in the face of adversity and keeping a positive attitude.

当你赞美孩子的学习和社交能力时,你就会帮助他们提高作为学生的自我认知。即使你的孩子在学校表现不佳,你也可以通过强调非学术优势来鼓励他们,比如在逆境中坚持不懈和保持积极的态度。

Create a Learning Community at Home
Mimicking the school environment at home can be tricky, especially for parents who are juggling work and family responsibilities. Luckily, there are plenty of resources available for parents to create a learning community at home by providing opportunities for self-directed learning. Creating a designated space for homeschooling can help your child think differently about the separation between their lives at school and their lives at home. Allow your child to personalize the space so that it feels like their own.

在家里模仿学校环境可能会很棘手,特别是对于那些兼顾工作和家庭责任的父母来说。幸运的是,有很多资源可供家长通过提供自主学习的机会,在家中创建一个学习区。为家庭教育创造一个指定的空间,可以帮助你的孩子换位思考,将他们在学校的生活和在家里的生活分开。让您的孩子将空间个性化,使其感觉像自己的空间。

Showing students that learning can take place anywhere enables them to sit in the driver’s seat as they navigate the roads that make up their educational journeys. As Jack Hanna once said, “The world is the true classroom.”

向学生展示学习可以在任何地方进行,使他们在自己的驾驶座上行驶于构成教育旅程的道路上。正如杰克·汉纳(Jack Hanna)曾经说过的:“世界是真正的教室。”


欢迎订阅我们以获取最新资讯。